You must read and accept the disclaimer to use this site. Updated when a question is received about this page.
SUBJECT: AJCN Feb, 2016
HIGHLIGHTS: FOR ADULTS: Hot peppers induce satiety - Capsaicin, which is the major pungent principle in chili peppers, is able to induce satiety and reduce caloric intake.
Exercise does not reduce the damage from consuming high fructose beverages - Fructose oxidation rate was highest and fructose storage was lowest when consumed before cycling exercise. However, fructose conversion to glucose, lactate, and VLDL triglycerides was not different between the 3 conditions.This unexpected finding suggests that an acute bout of exercise does not divert fructose carbon away from its undesirable fates: hypertriglyceridemia, gluconeogenesis, hepatic lipid synthesis, and (potentially) storage.
Fish and fish oil lower risk of dementia - Fishery products are recommended as dietary sources and are associated with lower risk of cognitive impairment. Marine-derived DHA was associated with lower risk of dementia and AD but without a linear dose-response relation.
An attenuation of age-related lung function decline was associated with higher dietary anthocyanin intake in this longitudinal sample of predominantly elderly men.
A DASH diet with more fat and fewer carbs lowered blood pressure to the same extent as the DASH diet but also reduced plasma triglyceride and VLDL concentrations without significantly increasing LDL cholesterol.
Higher concentrations of plasma β-carotene and α-carotene are associated with lower breast cancer risk of estrogen receptor–negative− tumors.
Supplement with 0.06 g leucine per kg body weight per meal to preserve muscles during bed rest - Bed rest has a profoundly negative effect on muscle metabolism, mass, and function in middle-aged adults. Leucine supplementation may partially protect muscle health during relatively brief periods of physical inactivity.
Men's erectile function benefits from flavonoid-rich foods - A higher habitual intake of specific flavonoid-rich foods is associated with reduced Erectile dysfunction incidence.A higher intake of several flavonoids reduces diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk, also.
Supplement with 2000 IU vitamin D during pregnancy - Maternal vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy of 2000 IU/d (compared with 1000 IU/d and with a placebo) results in a higher VDA of breast milk ≥2 mo postpartum. Supplement—Evaluating the Evidence to Support Guidelines for the Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants
Supplement—Evaluating the Evidence to Support Guidelines for the Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: the Pre-B Project - Executive summary - Preterm birth (infants born at <37 wk of gestational age) is a significant clinical and public health challenge in the United States and globally.
- Roc, Nutrition Investigator