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SUBJECT: J Nutrition June, 2015

Gluten may cause inflammation in everyone, not just those with Celiac's - Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. Sensitivity to gluten is thought to cause a number of adverse health effects, including gastrointestinal discomfort, skin rashes, and respiratory problems. Celiac disease (CD represents the most severe form of gluten sensitivity. Gluten consumption is associated with increased plasma α2-macroglobulin in young adults, which appears to be independent of celiac disease, suggesting possible effects of gluten on inflammation.

Protein ingestion (28g) before sleep increases muscle growth and strength - One group consumed a protein supplement containing 27.5 g of protein, 15 g of carbohydrate, and 0.1 g of fat every night before sleep. Muscle strength increased after resistance exercise training to a significantly greater extent in the protein-supplemented group than in the placebo-supplemented group. Protein ingestion before sleep represents an effective dietary strategy to augment muscle mass and strength gains during resistance exercise training in young men. 

Cranberry juice lowers risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes - Cardiometabolic risk is the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, or stroke, which are leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Low-calorie cranberry juice  (240ml BID) can improve several risk factors of CVD in adults, including circulating TGs, CRP, and glucose, insulin resistance, and diastolic BP.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)7 in humans includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn disease, which are both thought to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors leading to pathology. One of major factors involved in these processes includes the inappropriate continuous activation of the mucosal immune system, driven by the penetration of luminal microbiota because of an impairment of barrier integrity (1). The altered morphology and expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins results in impaired barrier function that overwhelms the net suppressive tone of the mucosal immune system (2).  Yogurt reduces gut inflammation and aids barrier integrity - Although gut microbiota perturbation is recognized as a main contributing factor to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, synbiotic therapies, as prevention or treatment, have remained overlooked. Our data highlight the beneficial effects of this synbiotic formulation in acutely colitic mice, suggesting that it may have therapeutic and possibly preventive efficacy in human colitis.To keep your bowels happy, eat cheese, nuts, and soy for tryptophan -  Besides serving as a substrate for protein synthesis, L-tryptophan (L-Trp) is used via serotonin-, kynurenine-, and niacin-synthetic pathways to produce bioactive compounds crucial for whole-body homeostasis. It can regulate intracellular protein turnover and expression of intestinal tight junction proteins in these cells.

Fried snacks, sweets, and high-fat dairy are adverse, fruits, veggies, nuts, and legumes reduce hypertension.

Try to achieve a healthy BMI before pregnancy - The results show the importance of encouraging women to start pregnancy with a healthy body mass index (BMI) and as well as to have gestational weight gain (GWG) within recommendations for the benefit of successful breastfeeding. Breastfeeding at 3 months of age is associated with lower adiposity and cholesterol levels at 4 yrs old. Expose fetuses and infants to broccoli, cauliflower, garlic, green beans, and apples so they will enjoy them when older -  Exposure to bitter and specific tastes increased the acceptance of these tastes. Studies on sweet and salty tastes showed equivocal results.Our systematic review clearly shows programming of the acceptance of bitter and specific tastes. Get just enough vitamin D when pregnant - Mental development index (MDI) and psychomotor development index (PDI) in toddlers were assessed at age 16–18 mo. This prospective study suggested that there was an inverted-U–shaped relation between neonatal vitamin D status (and neurocognitive development in toddlers. 40nM vit D/L blood was ideal.

- Roc, Nutrition Investigator
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"It is only the rare few and exceptional men who have that kind of love for mankind at large that makes them unable to endure patiently the general mass of evil and suffering" - Bertrand Russell

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