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SUBJECT: J Nutr Nov 2014 from Roc Nutrition Investigator

My blueberry/green tea clinical trial is in final testing stage. If your name is not on my list yet, please RSVP, SUBJECT: trial info please.

Response to reader inquiry: How to reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease

1. Branched chain amino acid intake prolongs muscle protein synthesis - At 1 h after exercise, mature men ingested 10 g of essential amino acids (EAAs) containing 3.5 g of Leucine (BCAA). Leu-enriched EAA ingestion after RE may prolong the anabolic response and sensitivity of skeletal muscle to amino acids in older adults. These data emphasize the potential importance of adequate postexercise Leu ingestion to enhance the response of aging muscle to preventive or therapeutic exercise-based rehabilitation programs.

2. Inflammation caused by food is hazardous to your healthspan: 2A. Unlike 4-legged meat products, eating dairy products does not cause inflammation - These results suggest that short-term consumption of a combination of low- and high-fat dairy products as part of a healthy diet has no adverse effects on inflammation. 2B. Cruciferous vegetables lower rates of inflammation -

3. Probiotics are regulated in Europe to verify quality - Demand for probiotics has been increasing all over the world, partly because of consumer awareness of their potential health benefits. At the same time, special attention has been paid by both industrial producers and regulatory agencies and institutions to verifying the efficacy of these products, as demonstrated by European regulation (European Commission) no. 1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods. Probiotics are a typical example of products with such claims regulated by this law.

4. Mexico has the most obesity and the most snacking -  Many, but not all, of the foods consumed during snack occasions are foods considered “foods to limit” in the United States. In 2012, an estimated 73% of the population consumed snacks on a given day, with estimates ranging from 70% among ≥59 y olds to 77% among 2–11 y olds. An average of 1.6 snacks/d were consumed by the population. This value was slightly higher (2.1 snacks/d) among snackers. Snacks provided an average of 343 kcal/d per snacker.

5. Feeding programs for those in need should target early period of complementary food introduction and maternal education- WHO infant and young child feeding (IYCF) should be targeted toward the early period of complementary food introduction and that policies aimed at increasing formal maternal education may benefit child growth through improved feeding practices. 

6. People with food insecurity also do not exercise enough - Food-insecure children did less moderate to vigorous physical activity, and food-insecure adults were less likely to adhere to the physical-activity guidelines than those without food insecurity.

- Roc, Nutrition Investigator
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