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J Nutrition Oct, 2013 -- Links to the abstracts of articles are at the start of the synopses below.

SYNOPSES OF ARTICLES THIS MONTH

Higher food prices threatens food security [which causes greater violence] - Children in food-insecure households are more likely to experience poorer health function and worse academic achievement. [A previous report shows malnutrition also leads to more violent mental function.]

Enjoy your soy - Absolute plant sterol intake was inversely related to the risk of a first MI in men - High intake reduced risk 30%. Dietary intake of naturally occurring plant sterols is inversely related to serum cholesterol concentrations. Elevated serum cholesterol increases the risk of myocardial infarction (MI).

Vitamin D regulates the gut biome to protect your intestines - The active form of vitamin D [1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, 1,25(OH)2D3] and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) regulate susceptibility to experimental colitis. Our data demonstrate that vitamin D regulates the gut microbiome and that 1,25(OH)2D3 or VDR deficiency results in dysbiosis, leading to greater susceptibility to injury in the gut.

Greater intakes of low-fat dairy foods are associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease - These findings suggest that low-fat milk maintains vascular endothelial function in individuals with MetS by limiting postprandial hyperglycemia that otherwise increases lipid peroxidation and reduces NO bioavailability. But it delays menopause because it may be hormonally active - Later menopause is a risk factor for breast and endometrial cancer. The estimated mean age at natural menopause was 51.5 y. But later for those consuming low fat dairy products. These findings support the growing body of literature on the hormonally active nature of milk and dairy foods.

Get enough protein when pregnant, reduce fat after birth - These findings suggest that prenatal low protein and postnatal high fat intake result in adipose tissue catch-up growth contributing to obesity in offspring.

*To review the disclaimer. *To ask Nutrition Investigator (Roc) a question.
Roc Ordman for appointments or phoning pls email 24hrs ahead
Professor, Biochemistry, Beloit College
http://chemistry.beloit.edu/Ordman/
“The key message to teach surgeons was not how to stop germs but how to think like a laboratory scientist” New Yorker, 7/29 pg 36   

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