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SUBJECT: AJCN Oct 2013

Superfoods to reduce cardiovascular risk - Procyanidins are major components in the human diet and can occur in substantial amounts, especially in cocoa, tea, apples, red wine, and berries. There is a wealth of data linking consumption of such foods, most notably cocoa-based products, with reduced incidences of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases.

A little four legged meat will not kill you - The association between meat consumption and chronic disease incidence and mortality has been evaluated in hundreds of observational epidemiologic studies over the past 3 decades. However, there remains considerable scientific debate as to whether higher intakes of specific meat groups (eg, red meat, poultry, and fish) or individual meats (eg, beef, pork, and chicken) contribute independently to risk of certain diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD), or whether greater consumption of certain types of meat is part of a broader dietary and lifestyle pattern that is responsible for affecting disease risk. Red meat consumption was substantially lower in the Asian countries than in the United States. Fish and seafood consumption was higher in Japan and Korea than in the United States. Red meat intake was inversely associated with CVD mortality in men and with cancer mortality in women in Asian countries.

If you take vitamin D, your risk of hospital-acquired infections is cut in half - The analysis of 2135 adult patients showed that 25(OH)D concentrations <10 ng/mL before hospitalization were associated with significantly increased odds of developing hospital-acquired bloodstream infection.

Vitamin D intake lowers lung cancer risk - Vitamin D intake was associated with a 63% lower lung cancer risk in never-smoking, postmenopausal women.

Most obesity risk factors are not genetic - Accelerated infant growth is associated with an altered, mostly adverse adult cardiometabolic risk profile. The importance of genetic and environmental factors to these associations is unclear.Our data showed that environmental factors play a role in the associations between infant growth and most adult lipids, glucose, leptin, and blood pressure, whereas genetic factors are involved regarding triglycerides and fibrinogen.

Obesity increases risk of pancreatic cancer - Overweight and obesity at any age are associated with increased pancreatic cancer (risk increases 6% per decade of obesity).

Sugar sweetened beverage intake leads to obesity - Our systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and RCTs provides evidence that SSB consumption promotes weight gain in children and adults. Each daily serving increases weight (from 0.12 in children to 0.22 kg in adults per year).

Dairy product intake reduces diabetes risk - The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly around the world, parallel to the increase in obesity, the reduction in physical activity, and dietary changes. It has been estimated that 366 million persons had diabetes (mostly type 2) in 2011, and the number has been projected to increase to 552 million by 2030 . Dairy products have been hypothesized to protect against type 2 diabetes because of their high content of calcium, magnesium, vitamin D, and whey proteins, which may reduce body fat and insulin resistance. This meta-analysis suggests that there is a significant inverse association between intakes of dairy products, low-fat dairy products, and cheese and risk of type 2 diabetes.

Fruits and vegetables keep you hydrated - These data confirm that regular intake of F&Vs may relevantly improve hydration status in children. Dietary interventions to increase F&V intake may be a promising strategy to achieve positive water balance in this population.

The longer you breastfeed your child, the lower is your ovarian cancer risk - Results of this meta-analysis support the hypothesis that ever breastfeeding and a longer duration of breastfeeding are associated with lower risks of epithelial ovarian cancer.

Preschoolers get too much sodium and not enough potassium - Most US preschoolers, particularly non-Hispanic blacks, consume too much sodium, and nearly all do not consume enough potassium. 

 

- Roc, Nutrition Investigator
*To be added or removed from the nutrition research Email List . *To review the disclaimer*To ask Roc a question. http://www.beloit.edu/ordman
Unassisted discovery does not benefit learners. SciAmMind Sept/Oct 2013

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