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J Nutrition May, 2013 -- Links to the abstracts of articles are at the start of the summaries below.

SYNOPSES OF ARTICLES THIS MONTH
1.  High protein intake required for weight loss - Eating 1.2 g of protein per kg body weight per day is necessary to maintain metabolic rate to lose weight. Energy-restricted high-protein diets (HPDs) have shown favorable results for body weight (BW) management. Fat free mass (FFM), resting energy expenditure (REE) compared with predicted REE, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) changed favorably with the HPD compared with the Normal PD group after BW loss. A NPD of 0.8 g · kg BW−1 . d−1 is sufficient for BW management, whereas a HPD of 1.2 g · kg BW−1 . d−1 is necessary for preservation of REE and a stronger initial sparing effect of FFM and lowering of DBP.

2. Resveratrol reduces risk of allergies, inflammation and cancer - Resveratrol is a phytoalexin abundantly found in red grape skin and is effective in antitumor and antiinflammation associated with immune responses. Resveratrol inhibited mast cell-derived, immediate-type allergic reactions, and these responses of resveratrol suggest possible therapeutic strategies in preventing allergic inflammatory diseases.

3. Trans fat or processed meats diet increases cancer risk about 45% while fish reduces it 40% - In conclusion, diets high in TFAs, processed meats, and higher fat dairy products were positively associated with Non-Hodgkins lymphoma risk, whereas diets high in n3 fatty acids and total seafood were inversely associated with risk.

4. Versus a saturated fat diet, MUFA and omega-3 PUFA in childhood improves carotid artery fitness when women age - Childhood nutrition may play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood.  the childhood saturated Serum cholesterol ester fatty acid (CEFA), monounsaturated CEFA, and n3 (ω3) polyunsaturated CEFA percentages were directly associated with adult carotid artery intima media thickness .

5. Family income and education reflect diet pattern - Recent survey data reveal the persistence of long-acknowledged socioeconomic status (SES) differentials in the prevalence of obesity in U.S. children and adolescents. There was an age gradient in changes in most diet and SES associations over time, with largest adverse changes in 12- to 19-y olds. Higher education was associated with lower energy from snack episodes, breakfast skipping, and energy density of foods and these associations did not change over time. 

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