You must read and accept the disclaimer to use this site. Updated for Nov. 7, 2010

AJCN Jan, 2011 -DETAILS-

1. Variety of fruits and vegetables rather than quantity reduces inflammation

2. A diet high in vegetables, fruit, and whole grains may reduce the risk of low-trauma fracture, particularly in older women - Risk was reduced about 20%.

3. Good nutrition in midlife associated with better cognitive function - This study suggests that strong compliance with nutritional recommendations in midlife is associated in elderly individuals with better verbal memory, which is a cognitive domain that is particularly vulnerable to pathologic aging and Alzheimer disease.

4. Eating chocolate promotes healthy intestinal bacteria - Results: Compared with the consumption of the low cocoa flavanol (CF) drink, the daily consumption of the High CF drink for 4 wk significantly increased the bifidobacterial and lactobacilli populations but significantly decreased clostridia counts. Conclusion: This study shows, for the first time to our knowledge, that consumption of cocoa flavanols can significantly affect the growth of select gut microflora in humans, which suggests the potential prebiotic benefits associated with the dietary inclusion of flavanol-rich foods.

5. Orange juice hesperidin reduces blood pressure - In middle age moderately overweight men, it took just 4 weeks.

6. Another benefit of drinking milk found - Conclusion: This dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies indicates that milk intake is not associated with total mortality but may be inversely associated with overall CVD risk.

7. Vitamin D may reduce fat synthesis and fat cell formation

8. Probiotics benefit pregnant women - The use of probiotics is receiving increased attention in the areas of maternal fetal medicine and neonatology. Probiotics are live microorganisms that can be found in Lactobacillus preparations and yogurts that contain live cultures. Women who reported habitual intake of probiotic dairy products had a reduced risk of spontaneous preterm delivery.

9. Fish oil at high levels may increase diabetes risk - Conclusion: Our data suggest an increased risk of diabetes with the intake of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, especially with higher intakes (≥0.20 g omega-3/d or ≥2 servings of fish/d).

10. Trans fat, not other fats, are associated with ovarian cancer risk

11. Who influences children's food choices - Conclusions: Food selection is differentially influenced by the source of social influence and the age and sex of the child. Parents may act as an inhibitory influence on unhealthy eating for younger children. Adolescent girls may try to convey a good impression of healthy eating when eating with same-sex friends, but the eating habits of teenage boys are not as influenced by the social context.

- Roc, Nutrition Investigator

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