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AJCN Sep, 2008 - The September American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is nearly 450 pages. Below are the headlines. The numbers show where the extracts are at my web site. Each extract is linked to the actual online article that has all of the details.
SUMMARY - Here's my summary, with more at http://www.beloit.edu/nutrition/ln/ln08sepajcn.htm and links to the published articles:
2. Drinking milk instead of sugar-sweetened beverages improves muscle and growth in children 8 to 10. Kids drinking milk in place of pop were an inch taller in 16 weeks!
3. Using olive oil rather than saturated fat improves insulin and immune system function.
4. Eating pistachio nuts reduce risk of heart disease. [49 nuts is a serving]
5. Two days of fasting had no effect on healthy people - Cognitive performance, activity, sleep, and mood are not adversely affected in healthy humans by 2 d of calorie-deprivation when the subjects and investigators are unaware of the calorie content of the treatments.
6. Women eating fatty snacks gain weight - Background: Dietary energy density (ED) is positively associated with energy intake, but little is known about long-term effects on weight change. Objective: We assessed whether dietary ED predicts weight change over 6 y among a sample of non-Hispanic, white women.Conclusions: Findings indicate that consumption of a lower-ED diet moderates weight gain, which may promote weight maintenance. Consuming lower ED diets can be achieved by consuming more servings of fruit and vegetables and limiting intake of high-fat foods. A second study found the same thing. A high dietary ED reflects a dietary pattern higher in saturated and trans fats and refined carbohydrates. Increases in dietary ED were associated with greater weight gain among middle-aged women during 8 y of follow-up. This is also true when pregnant - Background: Most pregnant women gain more weight than the ranges recommended. Excessive weight gain is linked to pregnancy complications and to long-term maternal and child health outcomes...Conclusion: Dietary energy density is a modifiable factor that may assist pregnant women in managing gestational weight gains.
7. Inadequate choline can harm the liver - An adequate intake of 550 mg choline/d was established for the prevention of liver dysfunction in men...
8. Fruits and veggies protect the colon- The intake of vegetables and fruit was inversely related to colorectal cancer risk among men but not among women. The association appears stronger for colon than for rectal cancer.
9. People have a safe intake of copper. Under real-world conditions, the magnitude of copper exposure is clearly insufficient to induce detectable effects; thus, biomarkers for copper excess remain elusive.