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AJCN Aug, 2008 - The August American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is nearly 450 pages. Below are the headlines. The numbers show where the extracts are at my web site. Each extract is linked to the actual online article that has all of the details.
SUMMARY - Here's my summary, with more at http://www.beloit.edu/nutrition/ln/ln08augajcn.htm and links to the published articles:
DIET AND VITAMINS
2. MONOUNSATURATED FAT AIDS WEIGHT LOSS - Conclusion:Dietary monounsaturated fat intake [food sources] activates synthetic and rapid catabolic pathways for triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism that involve apo E and apo C-III and suppresses the metabolism of more slowly metabolized VLDLs (very low-density lipoprotein) and IDLs (intermediate-density lipoprotein ), which do not contain these apolipoproteins.
3. BREASTFEEDING PROVIDES YOUR CHILD A LIFETIME OF LOWER CHOLESTEROL - Conclusions: Initial breastfeeding (particularly when exclusive) may be associated with lower blood cholesterol concentrations in later life.
4. OVERALL PATTERN OF EATING DETERMINES HEALTH - Background:Analyzing the impact of the intake of many foods simultaneously provides additional knowledge about analyses of nutrients and might make it easier to implement recommendations for the public...Five distinct food patterns were identified, of which one was interpreted as a "healthy" reference pattern. This healthy cluster was distinguished by more frequent consumption of high-fiber and low-fat foods and lower consumption of products rich in fat and sugar. ..Conclusions:It is possible to distinguish food patterns that are related to obesity and obesity-related cardiovascular disease risk factors in contrast with a more healthy pattern conforming with current [SWEDISH] dietary guidelines.
5. DOES U.S. REQUIRE VITAMIN B12 FORTIFICATION - ...the data show that persons with both low vitamin B-12 and high folate concentrations were at particularly high risk of memory impairment and anemia (9). In the NHANES cohort, the proportion of elderly with a high folate and low vitamin B-12 status was 4%... 1.8 million US elderly might be at increased risk of cognitive impairment and anemia because of an imbalance between folate and vitamin B-12...
6. BETA-CAROTENE DOES NOT REDUCE LUNG CANCER RISK - Conclusions: β-Carotene supplementation is not associated with a decrease in the risk of developing lung cancer.
SUPPLEMENT - Vitamin D and Health in the 21st Century: an Update -
B. MOTHER NEEDS 4,000IU DAILY DURING BREASTFEEDING - Research has shown that during lactation, supplements administered directly to the infant can easily achieve vitamin D sufficiency; the mother needs much higher doses (100 µg or 4000 IU per day) to achieve adult-normal 25(OH)D concentrations in her exclusively breastfed infant. In addition, the relation (if any) of vitamin D insufficiency in the fetus or neonate to long-term nonskeletal outcomes such as type 1 diabetes and other chronic diseases needs to be investigated.