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J Nutrition July, 2006
[proteomics will solve nutrition mysteries] Proteomics and Its Role in Nutrition Research J. Nutr. 2006 136: 1759-1762 There are 100,000 proteins in humans with various physiological functions. The complement of proteins in the organism as well as their interactions is defined as the proteome...Proteomics holds great promise for discoveries in nutrition research, including profiles and characteristics of dietary and body proteins; digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients; functions of nutrients and other dietary factors in growth, reproduction, and health; biomarkers of the nutritional status and disease; and individualized requirements of nutrients. The proteome analysis is expected to play an important role in solving major nutrition-associated problems in humans...
[biotin controls gene expression] Epigenetic Regulation of Chromatin Structure and Gene Function by Biotin
[red grape juice/wine reduces LDL cholesterol] Red Grape Juice Polyphenols Alter Cholesterol Homeostasis and Increase LDL-Receptor Activity in Human Cells In Vitro
[get folate during pregnancy] Maternal Folate Deficiency Affects Proliferation, but Not Apoptosis, in Embryonic Mouse Heart J. Nutr. 2006 136: 1774-1778 Low dietary folate and deficiency of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (Mthfr) were reported to increase the risk for congenital heart defects, ...Our results suggest that proliferation of embryonic myocardium is sensitive to maternal dietary folate and that folate supplementation during pregnancy is important for normal heart development and prevention of heart defects.
[oleic acid, e.g. olive oil, aids weight loss via alterred gene expression] Reduced Fat Mass in Rats Fed a High Oleic Acid–Rich Safflower Oil Diet Is Associated with Changes in Expression of Hepatic PPAR and Adipose SREBP-1c–Regulated Genes
[high protein intake aids weight loss] Leucine Activates Pancreatic Translational Machinery in Rats and Mice through mTOR Independently of CCK and Insulin
[drink lots of tea - green or black]Tea Polyphenols and Theaflavins Are Present in Prostate Tissue of Humans and Mice after Green and Black Tea Consumption J. Nutr. 2006 136: 1839-1843. Green and black tea have shown promise in the chemoprevention of prostate cancer...This is the first human study to show that tea polyphenols and theaflavins are bioavailable in the prostate where they may be active in the prevention of prostate cancer. [Note in this study is the first comparison I have seen of the contents of green vs. black tea. EGCG is the polyphenol often reported to be the most beneficial for human health and longevity, though all polyphenols are considered valuable antioxidants.
[high protein diet causes less fat gain] The Reduced Energy Intake of Rats Fed a High-Protein Low-Carbohydrate Diet Explains the Lower Fat Deposition, but Macronutrient Substitution Accounts for the Improved Glycemic Control
[omega-3 fats prolong heart survival during heart attack] (n-3) Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Prolong Survival following Myocardial Infarction in Rats
[Mediterranean diet is better for health than American food]A Mediterranean Diet Is Cost-Effective in Patients with Previous Myocardial Infarction J. Nutr. 2006 136: 1879-1885. The Mediterranean diet compared with a prudent Western diet was estimated to cost ...US$703... per [year of life] gained per person. There was a mean gain in life years of 0.31/person and a gain in quality-adjusted life years of 0.40/person...the Mediterranean diet is highly cost-effective for persons after a first AMI and represents an exceptional return on investment. ..
[eat your vegetables!] A Diet Rich in Green and Yellow Vegetables Inhibits Atherosclerosis in Mice
[body fat is actually an endocrine gland secreting harmful hormones] Adipose Tissue and Adipokines—Energy Regulation from the Human Perspective