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J Nutrition May, 2010 -See this, longer synopses, and links to published articles at Nutrition investigator .

SUMMARY - Just a few headlines as we head into summer:

1. High protein diet inhibits fat formation

2. Reservatrol helps the heart

3. Choline intake should be even higher - Overall, 550 mg per day. An egg has 112 mg.

4. Maternal vitamin D level vital for birth weight - among white mothers, the lowest risk is from 60 to 80 nmol/L.

5. Coffee good to prevent heart disease(CVD) - Risk was 1 for never, 0.48 for 1-2 cups/d.

6. Yet another study shows fish oil lowers heart disease risk

SYNOPSES OF ARTICLES THIS MONTH

1. High protein diet inhibits fat formation - It has been suggested that high-protein (HP) diets may favor weight management by lowering energy intake and reducing body fat. We conclude that the inhibition of de novo lipogenesis from dietary carbohydrate ... may participate in limiting the adiposity induced by HP feeding.

2. Reservatrol helps the heart - [see reservatrol link] Cardiac hypertrophy is a compensatory enlargement of the heart due to either volume overload (VO) and/or pressure overload (PO) that develops into heart failure if left untreated. The polyphenol resveratrol has been reported to regress PO-induced cardiac hypertrophy...Treatment with resveratrol also significantly reduced oxidative stress in cardiac tissue...

3. Choline intake should be even higher - Overall, these data suggest that choline intake exceeding current dietary recommendations preserves markers of cellular methylation and attenuates DNA damage in a genetic subgroup of folate-compromised men. It was better to get 550 mg per day. An egg has 112 mg.

4. Maternal vitamin D level vital for birth weight - Maternal vitamin D deficiency has been associated with numerous adverse health outcomes, but its association with fetal growth restriction remains uncertain. There was a U-shaped relation between serum 25(OH)D and risk of SGA among white mothers, with the lowest risk from 60 to 80 nmol/L.

5. Coffee good to prevent heart disease(CVD) - Participants drank coffee never, occasionally, 1–2 cups/d, and 3 cups/d. For CVD mortality in women, the odds were 1.00, 0.56, 0.48, and 0.45, respectively.

6. Yet another study shows fish oil lowers heart disease risk - In conclusion, in populations with a low fish consumption, EPA+DHA and fish may lower fatal CHD and MI risk in a dose-responsive manner.

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Thoreau's three truths: "that this earth is a garden of delights; that the world crowds round the individual, leaving him no vista, and shuts out the beauty of the earth; and that the wholesome wants of man are few."

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