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AJCN March, 2010 - SUMMARY - See this, longer synopses, and links to published articles further down this page at DETAILS at www.nutritioninvestigator.org.
1. Factors independently raising blood pressure - Multiple macro-/micronutrients independently influence BP in addition to the established adverse effects of high salt, excess alcohol, and caloric imbalance/obesity and the favorable effects of potassium. These include vegetable protein, glutamic acid, -3/-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), oleic acid/monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), and minerals (calcium, nonheme iron, magnesium, phosphorus) inversely and red meat, glycine, cholesterol, and sugars in sweetened beverages directly.
.... FISH OIL GREAT; 2. Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil) help alleviate depression; 3. Fish oil reduces the risk of chronic disease; 4. Fish oil is especially beneficial for those with diabetes
.....GET MORE VITAMIN B12; 5. The daily value for vitamin B12 should be much higher -up from 2.4 µg/d up to 4–7 µg
..... GET SOY; 6. Soy intake reduces lung cancer risk
.....MILK HAZARD; 7. Hazard of high milk intake - In a study of women 14 to 18 yrs old, high intake of calcium and protein increased risk factors for breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung cancers when they became adults.
..... SALT HAZARD; 8. Low salt reduces blood pressure and increases vascular function; 9. Low salt diet reduces the loss of calcium and formation of kidney stones
..... PREGNANCY AND BABIES; 10. Introducing babies to solid food later reduces the risk of obesity;11. Kids are programmed in utero for obesity by mother's diet

-Roc, Nutrition Investigator

[Depressed] Patients who are treated by psychotherapists do no better than patients who meet with sympathetic professors with no psychiatric training - pg 71, New Yorker, Mar 1, 2010, Luis Menand

AJCN March, 2010 -DETAILS
1. Factors independently raising blood pressure - recent epidemiologic and feeding trial findings (8, 9, 13) indicate that multiple macro-/micronutrients independently influence BP in addition to the established adverse effects of high salt, excess alcohol, and caloric imbalance/obesity and the favorable effects of potassium. These include vegetable protein, glutamic acid, -3/-6 PUFAs, oleic acid/monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), and minerals (calcium, nonheme iron, magnesium, phosphorus) inversely and red meat, glycine, cholesterol, and sugars in sweetened beverages directly. Combined effects—estimated from epidemiologic data and shown by feeding trials—are sizable and important for medical care and public health.

2. Review of multiple studies: Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil) helps alleviate depression - The evidence available provides some support of a benefit of n–3 PUFAs in individuals with diagnosed depressive illness but no evidence of any benefit in individuals without a diagnosis of depressive illness.

3. Fish oil reduces risk of chronic disease - Conclusion: Increasing EPA and DHA intakes to amounts well above those consumed by the general US population may have strong beneficial effects on chronic disease risk.

4. Fish oil especially beneficial for those with diabetes

5. Daily value for vitamin B12 should be much higher - Conclusion: In persons with normal absorption, our data indicate that an intake of 4–7 µg vitamin B-12/d is associated with an adequate vitamin B-12 status, which suggests that the current RDA of 2.4 µg vitamin B-12/d might be inadequate for optimal biomarker status even in a healthy population between 18 and 50 y of age.

6. Soy intake reduces lung cancer risk - Conclusion: In a large-scale, population-based, prospective study in Japan, isoflavone intake was associated with a decreased risk of lung cancer in never smokers.

7. Hazard of high milk intake - In a study of women 14 to 18 yrs old, high intake of calcium and protein increased risk factors for breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung cancers in adults.

8. Low salt reduces blood pressure and increases vascular function - Blood pressure fell 5.6mm Hg on low salt diet.

9. Low salt diet reduces loss of calcium and formation of kidney stone

10. Introducing babies to solid food later reduces obesity

11. Kids programmed in utero for obesity - Conclusion: The stronger prenatal maternal associations with child dietary intake, particularly protein and fat, compared with both paternal intake associations and maternal postnatal intake associations provide some evidence for in utero programming of offspring appetite by maternal intake during pregnancy.

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