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J Nutrition Jan, 2007

[fishoil reduces blood clots] Plasma Triacylglycerol and Coagulation Factor Concentrations Predict the Anticoagulant Effect of Dietary Fish Oil in Overweight Subjects J. Nutr. 137:7-13, January 2007 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/7] " Fish oil, containing (n-3) PUFA, is associated with a moderate reduction in cardiovascular disease through a multifactorial mechanism involving a decrease in plasma lipids and anticoagulant activity. ..We conclude that high fasting triacylglycerol concentrations predict high procoagulant activity and a lowering of thrombin potential with dietary fish oil."

[importance of biotin] Biotin Deficiency Inhibits Heme Synthesis and Impairs Mitochondria in Human Lung Fibroblasts J. Nutr. 2007 137: 25-30 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/25] "These findings highlight the biochemical connection among biotin, heme, and iron metabolism, and the mitochondria, due to the role of biotin in maintaining the biochemical integrity of the TCA cycle. The findings are discussed in relation to aging and birth defects in humans. "

[Most get enough molybdenum] Molybdenum Intake Influences Molybdenum Kinetics in Men
J. Nutr. 2007 137: 37-4 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/37] "a daily intake of 115–120 µg/d (1.20–1.25 µmol/d) would maintain initial plasma molybdenum levels at their prestudy values and that their prestudy dietary intake was well above the Recommended Dietary Allowance of 45 µg/d. The physiological adaptations to changing intake that the model demonstrated may help prevent molybdenum deficiency and toxicity. "

[Olive oil lowers blood pressure but doesn't increase your weight] Moderate Consumption of Olive Oil by Healthy European Men Reduces Systolic Blood Pressure in Non-Mediterranean Participants J. Nutr. 2007 137: 84-87 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/84] "[Taking 25 mL olive oil/d] The results of this study suggest that a moderate consumption of olive oil may be used as an effective tool to reduce SBP of healthy men who do not typically consume a Mediterranean diet [The men did not gain weight during the 13 week study]"

[fruit, vegetables, and dairy keep you thin] Dietary Patterns Throughout Adult Life Are Associated with Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Blood Pressure, and Red Cell Folate J. Nutr. 2007 137: 99-105 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/99] " Dietary patterns are important in the prevention of chronic disease...In women, the fruit, vegetables, and dairy pattern was inversely associated with BMI (P < 0.004), waist circumference (P = 0.0007), blood pressure (P = 0.02), and was positively associated with red cell folate (P < 0.03). The ethnic foods and alcohol pattern was also inversely associated with blood pressure (P = 0.008), whereas the meat, potatoes and sweet foods pattern was positively associated with glycated hemoglobin...Specific dietary patterns throughout adult life were associated with chronic disease risk factors."

[Baby gets brain fishoil from mother's brain ] Maternal Parity and Diet (n-3) Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Concentration Influence Accretion of Brain Phospholipid Docosahexaenoic Acid in Developing Rats J. Nutr. 2007 137: 125-129 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/125] " The long-chain PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid [22:6(n-3), DHA], a major component of neuronal membrane phospholipids, accumulates in brain during late prenatal and early neonatal development and is essential for optimal attentional and cognitive function. Because all nutrition is supplied to the developing fetus/neonate by the mother and maternal DHA status is affected by parity, this study examined the effects of maternal diet and parity on DHA accretion in the developing brain. ..These findings demonstrate that maternal diet and parity interact to affect offspring brain DHA status and suggest that maternal multiparity may place offspring at greater risk of decreased accretion of brain DHA if the maternal diet contains insufficient (n-3) PUFA."

[Postpartum depression may be lack of fishoil for baby] Specific Brain Regions of Female Rats Are Differentially Depleted of Docosahexaenoic Acid by Reproductive Activity and an (n-3) Fatty Acid-Deficient Diet J. Nutr. 2007 137: 130-134 [http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/137/1/130] " Low tissue levels of (n-3) PUFA, particularly docosahexaenoic acid [DHA, 22:6(n-3)], are implicated in postpartum depression. ..This pattern of changes in regional DHA and (n-6) DPA content suggests that specific neuronal systems may be differentially affected by depletion of brain DHA in the postpartum organism."

 

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